Informationsordbogen - Provides definitions for over terms related to library science and information technology IT-leksikon - Information technology terms in Danish and English, HTML format. Dutch Mijnwoordenboek - Dutch dictionaries to and from English, French, German, and Spanish, plus a number of specialized dictionaries, synonyms, verb conjugation, spelling, games, and more. Taalvlinder's Collection of Dutch-English Specialty Dictionaries - A very extensive listing of dictionaries of all kinds - one of the most useful Dutch-English collections Taalvlinder List of Medical Terms - A number of medical glossaries divided as to content.
Dutch-English Business Dictionary - A practical dictionary for people who need to be able to read Dutch documents or business journals. The emphasis is on the translation of words that business people will need to use in business situations. Woordenboek Organische - Dutch dictionary of organic chemistry.
Glossary of Construction Terms - Dutch-English glossary of terms used in the construction industry. Mick's Rijmwoorden Boek - Dutch rhyming dictionary.
Finnish Finnish Medical Glossary - Glossary of medical terms with definitions and explanations in Finnish. Finnish-Swedish-English-Russian Mathematics Dictionary - Keyword search, also provides a view of all words in one page. Finnish Mathematical Dictionaries - Listings of various mathematical translation materials in Finnish; the page is in English. English-Finnish Mathematical Dictionary - With regular expression search. French Le Grand Dictionnaire Terminologique anglais-francais - French interface, provides dictionary translations for technical terminology to and from French, English, and Latin.
List and Glossary of medical terms: French - Online medical glossary for a number of languages. Canadian Common Law Dictionary - A dictionary of Canadian common law with translations into French, meant to serve the needs of French-speaking Canadians. Le Jargon Francais - A monolingual French computer and information technology dictionary in a wiki format, with contributions by users.
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- List of computer term etymologies!
Gaelic Computing Terminology - Glossary of computing terms in Gaelic. Roche Lexikon Medizin - German monolingual glossary of medical terms List and Glossary of medical terms: German - Online medical glossary for a number of languages. A search for one of these terms results in a hit list, where the individual list members point to glossary entries and grammatical descriptions. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Marketing - German-English bidirectional dictionary of marketing terms. German-English Mechatronics Lexikon - Dictionary of mechanical, engineering, and electronics terms in German and English.
Tranzmatic - A German-English technical dictionary containing approx. Acronyms and Abbreviations - Acronyms and abbreviations in German and English, with a special emphasis on abbreviations of chemical compound names. Computer-Lexikon Glossar Online-Lexikon - German translations of computer and information technology terms.
Lebensmittel Lexikon - German dictionary of culinary terms. Immunology Glossary - English to Greek glossary of immunology terms, with an interface in Flash. Infolex Informatics Terminology Dictionary - Bilingual dictionary of technical terminology with searches on terms and abbreviations. Inforterm - Greek-English-French dictionary of information technology terminology with searchable interface. Hungarian Pirula. Jarmuszotar Automotive Dictionary - Hungarian-English dictionary of automotive terms, with over 24, terms. Electronics Glossary - An electronic library of documents and computerized information resources using the most common English words and abbreviations and their definitions in Hungarian.
List and Glossary of medical terms: Italian - Online medical glossary for a number of languages. Dental Dictionary - In English and Italian, searchable online.
Terminology of Cardiology - With Latin and katakana input. Biological Glossary - translations into Japanese of biological terms. It shares one of its selling points with the Web: many illustrations. They are woodcuts, but often rather good ones, and sometimes clearer than photographs could be. Lithuanian Encyclopaedic Glossary of Astronomy - Astronomical terms in Lithuanian, with over terms. Dictionary of Building Terms - Short Lithuanian-English dictionary of terms in the construction industry. Norwegian The Green Dictionary - Terms from food and environmental science, agriculture, forestry, etc.
Words and Phrases in Insurance - Monolingual Norwegian dictionary of insurance terms, searchable, or with entire page view of dictionary. Norwegian Rhyming Dictionary - Listing by vowel word ending. Pashto Qamosona Pashto Dictionaries Project - Site includes a number of Pasho dictionaries, which are all searchable for translations of English terms into Pashto, and includes datasets with computer and science terms. Persian Partran English to Parsi Translator - Translates text from English to Persian, with a great number of different specialized dictionaries for use. Text limit of words per search.
Also includes online English-Persian dictionary with a number of special lexical datasets. An English-Persian Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures - Online dictionary of computer science terms categorized by letter, subject matter, area, and searchable. Portuguese Dicionario Medico - Monolingual Portuguese medical dictionary. List and Glossary of medical terms: Portuguese - Online medical glossary for a number of languages. Dicionario Financeiro - Monolingual Portguese financial dictionary. Psiqweb - Portuguese psychological and mental health vocabulary.
Alcor Romanian Rhyming Dictionary - Romanian rhyming dictionary with a host of rhyming dictionaries in other languages. The abundance of terminology arises due to several factors:. IT is a broad and growing field IT concepts are often virtual and described using metaphors. IT businesses use marketing terminology to differentiate and sell their products. Abbreviations and acronyms are extensively used. Connet core capabilities and professional services cover your entire solution lifecycle: planning, design, implementation and on-going maintenance.
List of computer term etymologies - Wikipedia
SOA solutions are the next evolutionary step in software architectures. In line with SOA principles, several standards have been developed and are currently emerging in IT environments. With respect to a large number of services that will exist in IT environments in the inter and intra enterprise integration settings based on SOA, the problems of service discovery or selection of the best services conforming users needs, as well as resolving heterogeneity in services capabilities and interfaces will again be a lengthy and costly process. For this reason, machine processable semantics should be used for describing services in order to allow total or partial automation of tasks such as discovery, selection, composition, mediation, invocation and monitoring of services.
While Web services and SOA are usually thought to be synonymous, they are not. It should be made clear that Web services are an important tool and one implementation method for SOA, but there are other patterns that may be more appropriate for any given use-case.
In general, SOA can be thought to consist of service providers and service consumers. The providers define what the service looks like and how to invoke it through an implementation independent service interface. The consumers use this interface to construct the necessary data and invoke the service. An optional construct is the introduction of a discovery mechanism that acts as an intermediary to which providers publish the service interface and from which consumers discover it.
This is useful for enterprises with many services, but is not covered in this specification. One of the keys to SOA is defining the correct level of granularity. This is a fairly subjective thing, but generally speaking services exposed to other systems should provide operations that correspond to business functions. This does not mean that all services are coarse grained.
Finely grained component services may be used by business services, but would not be exposed to other systems. SOA's communication capabilities may be as basic as the ability to pass data along to another service, or as complex as coordinating events between other services and the consumer of those services through some underlying connection methodology, usually Web Services.
Code Mobility. The ability to lookup and dynamically bind to a service means that services can be located on different servers than the ones that the consumers are hosted on. This provides the organization with the ability to build enterprise- wide solutions hosted in diverse locations both within and outside of the organization. Better Usage of IT Talent.
Because the SOA environment uses multiple layers, the organization can assign developers with specific skill sets to work within specific layers. This provides a means to deploy the most qualified people to work in specific roles without regard to the technical skills required to support development within other layers. Enhanced Security. The existence of the SOA service layers result in the creation of additional network interfaces capable of being accessed by multiple applications. By their very nature, services have built-in security mechanisms that allow for multi-level security at the service and the client levels.
Ease of Testing and Reduced Defects. Because services have published interfaces, unit tests can be easily written to validate performance before the services are exposed to the consumers. This provides a way to identify and correct defects before the actual application undergoes the QA testing process. Support for Multiple Client Types. The advantage of reusing or sharing component services is considerable. It would reduce the purchase and development of.
Instead, they could use a well-tested service. If a business process changes, applications in an SOA can adapt quickly by just changing the component services that are affected. For instance, if the state chooses a different vendor for credit card transactions, all that needs to be changed is the credit card service. A SOA provides the implementation patterns required to construct applications from loosely coupled services.
In order to build such applications, an implementation environment should provide the following capabilities:. Application Development: Big changes will be needed in methods, coordination, organization, and training of MDH application developers. A thorough analysis of MDH business processes is needed. Further automation of desktop administration and help desk should be accomplished. Continuity of Operations Planning: Work toward standard platforms. Supporting a redundant recovery site will be too expensive if we must replicate diverse servers and operating systems. Architecture Review Board: We propose that an architecture review board be created to guide the development of policies, update the architecture, and review requests for exceptions.
MPLS is a packet-forwarding technology which uses labels to make data forwarding decisions. MPLS provides a mechanism for forwarding packets for any network protocol. It was originally developed in the late s to provide faster packet forwarding for IP routers see RFC Since then its capabilities have expanded massively, for example to support service creation VPNs , traffic engineering, network convergence, and increased resiliency.
When a packet is received, the router uses this label and sometimes also the link over which it was received to identify the LSP. It then looks up the LSP in its own forwarding table to determine the best link over which to forward the packet, and the label to use on this next hop. MPLS plays a major role in keeping the networks of big businesses running smoothly today. The labeling process involves setting the criteria for information retrieval, sometimes determined by an IP address.
The data is then directed through routers that have been pre-determined by the label switching. Network capable of handling MPLS traffic. BGP free core in the service provider. Since a packet is assigned to a FEC when it enters the network, information that cannot be gleaned from the network layer header, can be used for FEC assignment.
For example, classification of packets based on the source of the packets. Packets can be assigned a priority label, making Frame Relay and ATM-like quality-of-service guarantees possible. This function relates to the CoS field. The considerations that determine how a packet is assigned to a FEC can become ever more and more complicated, without any impact at all on the routers that merely forward labeled packets. Packet payloads are not examined by the forwarding routers, allowing for different levels of traffic encryption and the transport of multiple protocols.
In MPLS, a packet can be forced to follow an explicit route rather than the route chosen by normal dynamic algorithm as the packet travels through the network. This may be done to support traffic engineering, as a matter of policy or to support a given QoS. A VPN is a shared network where private data is segmented from other traffic so that only the intended recipient has access. The term VPN was originally used to describe a secure connection over the Internet. A key aspect of data security is that the data flowing across the network is protected by encryption technologies.
Private networks lack data security, which can allow data attackers to tap directly into the network and read the data. VPNs are used for:. Often this connectivity is used for e-mail and for sharing applications and files. The cost of connecting home users is also very expensive compared to Internet-access technologies, such as DSL or cable. Because of this, organizations are moving their networks to the Internet, which is inexpensive, and using IPSec to create these networks.
Common uses for extranets include supply-chain management, development partnerships, and subscription services. These undertakings can be difficult using legacy network technologies due to connection costs, time delays, and access availability. IPSec-capable devices can be quickly and inexpensively installed on existing Internet connections. MPLS VPN is a data-carrying mechanism which operates at a layer that is generally considered to lie between traditional definitions of Layer 2 data link layer and Layer 3 network layer , and thus is often referred to as a "Layer 2.
MPLS offers a great opportunity for companies wanting to expand their support to end users in different countries.