I had to go back to the beginning and learn to write all over again. The pulp magazines so called because they were printed cheaply on wood-pulp paper were ubiquitous at newsstands, bus stations, and drugstores. They were a cheap, gaudy source of popular entertainment that sometimes mixed in subversive social commentary with tales of adventure and derring-do. By the s there were pulps specializing in each popular sub-genre: detective stories, westerns, love stories, adventure stories, sea stories, stories of the occult, and so on. During the Depression these sources of cheap entertainment provided vital escape for the downtrodden and disenfranchised.
Black Mask was widely regarded as the best of the bunch. It was founded in by drama critic and editor George Nathan and journalist, culture maven, and scholar H.
The Big Sleep (A Philip Marlowe Novel #1) (Paperback) | Politics and Prose Bookstore
Mencken as way to fund their tonier magazine, The Smart Set. Hardboiled fiction was a revolutionary change in the mystery genre. One of these authors, S. All clues must be plainly stated and described. This is now considered the Golden Age of detective fiction.
The 100 best novels: No 62 – The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler (1939)
Chandler and his fellow hardboiled practitioners roundly rejected this legacy. The style was less a continuation of the existing tradition of detective fiction than a critical reaction to the corruption and excesses of the s and a stylized representation of the organized crime networks spawned by Prohibition. This social context gave rise to a widespread popular demand for crime-related stories in all forms: print, movies, word of mouth, newsreels, gangster films, true-crime journalism, novels, short stories—you name it.
Hardboiled captured the violence of the twenties and the desperation of the thirties in substance, and displayed them formally in a brutal, clipped, but—in the case of Hammett and Chandler, at least—distinctly poetic style. Hammett elevated the form in a series of stories in the first half of the twenties, but truly revolutionized it with his novels Red Harvest, The Dain Curse, and The Maltese Falcon all first serialized in Black Mask between and Toward this end, Hammett mixed hardboiled with Hemingway—shaken, not stirred.
He links Hammett back to Hemingway, but Hemingway back to Theodore Dreiser, Carl Sandburg, and Ring Lardner—the sinewy tradition of the American literary vernacular mixed with social and psychological realism, which itself grew out of the nineteenth-century Naturalist movement. The key figures here are Frank Norris, especially for subject matter, and Stephen Crane, for substance and style.
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Yet for all their similarities—and we will note several places where Chandler overlaps with, and even lifts from Hammett, during the course of The Big Sleep— they are profoundly different. He adds two crucial components that make him distinct: a dose of idealism and a strong strain of humor. For all their differences, Chandler made clear that Hammett paved the way for him. I simply made an extremely detailed synopsis of your story and from that rewrote it and compared what I had with yours, and then went back and rewrote it some more, and so on.
It looked pretty good. They helped Chandler master the form and, crucially, build an audience as a crime writer.
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Murder, My Sweet She retired from acting in at age In , the U. Lady in the Lake This movie marked the directorial debut of Robert Montgomery, who also stars as Marlowe in the film.
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With the exception of a couple of times when Montgomery in character addresses the audience directly, the entire film is shot from the viewpoint of the central character, Marlowe. The audience sees only what he does. MGM promoted the film with the claim that it was the first of its kind and the most revolutionary style of film since the introduction of the talkies.
The movie was also unusual for having virtually no instrumental soundtrack, the music in the film being instead provided by a wordless vocal chorus. The Brasher Doubloon Fred MacMurray, Victor Mature, and Dana Andrews were all mentioned at different times as having been cast as Philip Marlowe in the film before the studio settled on George Montgomery appearing in the final film of his 20th Century Fox contract.
The plot revolves around a man being pushed out of a high window by a woman while the incident was caught on film. Marlowe Directed by Paul Bogart, the film was written by Stirling Silliphant. Rita Moreno would also go on to co-star as a recurring character in the series. This movie introduced martial arts legend Bruce Lee to many American film viewers.
Farewell My Lovely Mitchum returned to the role of Marlowe three years later in the film The Big Sleep, making him the only actor to portray Philip Marlowe more than once on the big screen. The film contained material more explicit than what could only be hinted at in the version, such as homosexuality, pornography and nudity. Parker and published in Playwright Tom Stoppard wrote the screenplay. The private investigator leaves his Los Angeles apartment behind and sets up a new base of operations in Poodle Springs, an upscale community in the desert a couple hours from L.
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Sign In. And George V. Higgins wrote: "Chandler is fun to read. He's as bleak as tundra, and his dirtbag characters far outnumber his stellar citizens, but Philip Marlowe is a laconic tour guide through a zoo of truly interesting animals. The Crying of Lot 49 Thomas Pynchon. Hard-boiled Jack Adrian and Bill Pronzini.